Essay about The National Institute Of Mental Health

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The National Institute of Mental Health (2016) defines attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as a disorder of the brain marked by an ongoing pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development. Furthermore, inattention is noted to be when a person wanders off task, lacks persistence, has difficulty staying focused, and is disorganization no due to defiance or a lack of comprehension. If an individual appears to move about constantly, excessively fidgets, taps or talks can all be means of hyperactivity. Additionally, impulsivity is associated with a person if they make hasty actions that occur in the moment without prior thought and may have a high potential for harm, or a desire for immediate gratification (NIMH, 2016).
Despite the appearance of consistency in the modern criteria of ADHD, the disorder was not recognized until 1968 in the second Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). This edition included hyperkinetic reaction of childhood as a concept of minimal brain dysfunction (Lange, Reichl, Lange, Tucha, & Tucha, 2010). The DSM-III came out in 1980 and included attention deficit disorder (ADD) – with and without hyperactivity (Lange, Reichl, Lange, Tucha, & Tucha, 2010). This emphasized that deficits in attention and impulse control were more significant than hyperactivity. The DSM-III-R, or revised version, came out in 1987 and discussed ADD with the presence or absence of hyperactivity…

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