The Multiple Intelligence Theory: Dunn And Gardner's Theory Of Intelligence

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The multiple intelligence (“MI”) theory created by Howard Gardner, is based on eight different intelligences which reflect a person 's intellectual ability. This model of intelligence challenges other theories such as Alfred Binet’s theory of general intelligence. Binet’s theory focuses on a person 's ability to obtain high-ranking test scores and their overall general cognitive capability (Denig, 2004, 96). The MI theory differs due to the fact that it explores how test scores are not necessarily accurate representations of the amount of knowledge a person possesses. The MI theory argues that human beings are not necessarily less intellectually capable if they do not receive high test scores -- because most exams focus primarily on questioning …show more content…
Learning Style models differ depending on the theorist that has created them, even though practically all of them contain an accentuation on the process of learning (Silver, Strong, & Perini, 1997, p.1). The Learning Styles model most theorists agree on, as compared to the Dunn and Dunn Learning Styles model, is one example of how there is a wide range of theories that can appreciated (Silver, et al, 1997, p.2). These two models diverge because while the basic model focuses on the four main types of learning styles, the Dunn and Dunn model explores the twenty-one elements that affect human beings’ ability to learn (Denig, 2004, 101). Although these models have their differences, they both place an emphasis on the direct correlation between the methods used to teach material and student …show more content…
Prior to researching these topics, I was completely unaware of factors such as the way environmental and emotional elements can hinder a student 's knowledge intake. By knowing more about these factors, the different methods people use to learn, and the diverse intelligences that human beings contain, I can design lesson plans that cater to a much wider range of students. Both models should be applied in school curriculums because they are inclusive pedagogies, they encourage students to utilize their strengths, and they will create a positive learning environment for students of different levels of intelligence and aptitude. The use of both theories in unison will incorporate a wider view of intelligence which will therefore allow students to focus on their own strengths instead of only focusing on the two most common intelligences. For example, the emphasis on pluralization within the MI theory suggests that by teaching content in diverse ways, more individuals in the classroom will be included (Gardner, 1995, pg. 7). A representative example of these theories applied in unison is my lesson plan which will assign a book report to students with the guideline that they are encouraged to articulate their knowledge of the book and its storyline

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