The Most Significant Achievement Of The United Nations

Improved Essays
The Most Significant Achievement of the UN and How Can It Be Improved to Better Cope With the Demands of the 21st Century?

Since the establishment of the United Nations, this intergovernmental organization has achieved significant success in its purposes. In the United Nations charter that signed on 26 June 1945 in San Francisco, there were four purposes (United Nations Charter, 1945). To maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly relations between nations, to achieve international co-operation in solving problems in several fields, and to be a center of the collaboration among the nations to achieve the previous manners. This essay will discuss two of them. The first one, to maintain international peace and security.
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In 1968, the signing of the NPT, the Treaty of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, was a breaking point of controlling the increase of the nuclear warheads number and countries that own them. “The NPT, with 190 states parties, is certainly the most widely subscribed to a treaty in the international security alarm” (Meyer, 2009). According to SIPRI yearbook (2016) that the nine states that have which are, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, Pakistan, India, Israel, North Korea, are deploying the number of warheads that they have. Another aspect of the United Nations success in the international peace and security is a large number of the peacekeeping missions around the world by the UN. The UN definition given to peacekeeping mission in its official website is the mission that works to provide the conditions for enduring peace in an unstable country. It consists of military, police and civilian personnel, which works to bring security, political and peacebuilding support. The first mission was in 1948 to observe and save the ceasefire during the Arab-Israeli war. The peacekeeping factsheet (2016) stated that “Since 1948 there were 71 missions, 16 of them still continuing.” Most of those missions success to …show more content…
The achievement in this field can be observed through the UN specialists organisations. According to (Peters, 2015), more than five UN agencies are dealing with humanitarian needs, UNICEF, UNHCR, WFP, UNRWA, and WHO, and these agencies take 31 percent of the UN budget. According to (Spencer) in his article (UN at 70: Five Greatest Success and Failure, 2015), the world is an unequal place, with large parts beset by poverty and hunger, and thousand still die of malnourishment every year. The success is that the number of victims of this had fallen from the 20th century when more than 70 million died from famine. Again, intervention by the UN’S World Food Program, Food and Agriculture Organisation and UN-Sponsored Emergency Aid Management, can take some of the credit. On the same path, the UNICEF, in its (2015) annual report, stated that it has helped save over 90 million children around the world since 1990 (Unicef, 2015). The UNHCR, the agency that responsible for helping refugees, since its establish in 1960 it has helped over 50 million refugees (UNHCR official

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