The Moral Dilemma Of George, Jim And Utilitarianism Essay

1017 Words Sep 12th, 2015 null Page
A moral dilemma Bernard Williams, poses a moral dilemma in case 2.2 titled, George, Jim and Utilitarianism. Jim accidently finds himself in a tough situation while in a small town in South America. A random group of twenty Indians had been tied up against a wall, several armed men were in front of them. The Indians were about to be shot. The captors thought the death of the twenty Indians would certainly send a message to other Indians to stop protesting against the government. To honor Jim, the captors gave him a choice. He could kill one of the Indians and let the others go free or he could watch them kill all twenty Indians. Jim was left in a moral dilemma. In this essay we will examine Jim’s moral dilemma from different perspectives. We will see how Jims decision would be affected if he believed in social contract, utilitarianism, and deontology theories. Thomas Hobbes created the Social Contract moral theory. In “the Social Contract” people agree to follow certain social rules. This theory consists of moral rules reasonable people agree to and relies on other people to also follow the same rules. A harmonious state of social living is the goal of the Social Contract theory. A firm intention to follow the rules is necessary for this theory to be successful. If the rules were not followed there would be consequences. The purpose of this theory is to live in a peaceful social order without fear of a violent death. Without these rules Hobbes thought the world…

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