Conspiracy Theory: Did We Land On The Moon

Superior Essays
The year is 1961 and the U.S. is six years deep in a space race with the Soviet Union to show off to each other who has the best air and space capabilities. President Kennedy gives a speech saying that we will go to the moon “not because it is easy, but because it is hard” (Engle). Less than a decade later, on July 20th, 1969 at 20:17:40 UTC, the Apollo 13 mission put Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on the moon (“Theories”). Ever since that day the people have doubted the fact that we ever put people on the moon. An opinion poll found six percent of American believed the U.S. did not go to the moon, with it jumping to 20% after Fox released the 2001 documentary: Conspiracy Theory: Did We Land on the Moon? (Newton 22). It might make sense why …show more content…
During the night a person can look up at the night sky and see hundreds of stars with the naked eye. In the middle of the city one wouldn’t see as many stars as a person out in the country, because of the light pollution in the city. It might would make sense that if the astronauts were to go into space that because of the zero light pollution, thousands of stars would be visible. However, when looking at the background in the pictures on the moon there and no stars visible. Theorists claim that this is due to that fact that the Apollo mission pictures were taken on the Earth, and astronomers would be able to figure out that the photos were taken from Earth. So to fix this conspiracists claim that NASA had a studio where they filmed the moon missions, surrounded, with a giant black screen, or they altered the pictures and removed the stars. However, there is a logical explanation as to why there are no stars. The moon is made out of regolith that is about four-to-five kilometers deep. The regolith has an albedo rating, telling how much light is reflected, between seven and ten percent (“Theories”). The reason people can see the moon is not because the moon glows on its own, but because the moon is reflecting seven to ten percent of the light from the sun. On the moon’s surface it is very bright and the light drowns out the stars very similarly to what …show more content…
In 1958, 11 years before the Apollo 11 mission, scientist Van Allen discovered two radiation belts surrounding the earth. These two belts hold energetic charged particles held together by the magnetic field (Fox). Upon discovery these belts were thought to be very deadly if passed through. Conspiracists claim that even these days, with our technology it is deadly to pass through the belts, and it definitely wouldn 't have been possible back in 1969. However, when the astronauts passed through the first, and more deadly radiation belt, it took them only a couple of minutes, and the lesser belt around one and a half hours. The amount of radiation they received, including the journey home, is not enough to be lethal. In fact the amount they received is about the same that workers are allowed to receive working at nuclear energy fields (Fox). In 1968 the Soviets did a moon test off their own with living matter, with their Zond program. The Zond Five was launched and did an orbit around the moon, then returned. The payload of the capsule contained two Russian tortoises, wine flies, mealworms, plants, seeds, bacteria, and other living matter. When the capsule returned to Earth, four days after being launched, all living matter inside was alive and had no radiation traces

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