The Mongols: Genghis Khan

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Throughout history we hear the word nomadic and constantly associate this term with words such as, savage, heathen, hunter gatherer. What if I made the claim that nomads created the largest land empire in history in the shortest amount of time. It might be hard to believe with words commonly associated with Nomad. The Mongols from Northern China empire began in Northern China in 1206 and expanded from the Pacific ocean to the Black Sea. Impressively they were able to achieve this feat in only 70 years with a nomadic society of two million people. They conquered cultures that were considered technological advanced such as, China, Persia, and Europe. Genghis Kahn was able to establish the largest nomadic empire in such a short time through …show more content…
Before becoming Genghis Khan he was known as Temujin a local tribe leader who strived to unite the nomads through a new leadership philosophy. The norm of tribal supremacy within the nomads was that each family was loyal to their clan leader. Temujin rejected this normalcy and proceeded to promote people who showed courage in battle. Upon conquering a tribe he would dispatch the leader or anyone who opposed him and then would invite the warriors to join his clan as equal members. This leadership philosophy eliminated ties to tribes and instead subscribed the nomads to identify as one single entity the “Mongols” lead by Genghis Khan. The mongols developed into a strong cohesive military unit that was able to conquer empires under a single great leader, Genghis Khan. Leadership was the first building block of a legendary military, next was the superior use of weaponry that helped Genghis expand his …show more content…
of a genius in terms of military tactical strategy, he would use reconnaissance, illusions, to help achieve victory in battle. Genghis Khan used reconnaissance to scout his enemies forces, defenses and layout of cities. This provided inside information on weakness and strengths of his enemies, which allowed him to calculate attacks with precision. One of Genghis greatest military tactic he used was called the feigned withdrawal. The feigned withdrawal created an illusion that the mongols were retreating succumbing to defeat. This illusion was recorded in the Battle of Kalka River which lead to the conquering of Georgia. The feigned retreat worked perfectly as the much larger Georgian army pursued the mongols for a week. The mongols waited till their enemies horses had become exhausted and quickly mounted their reserve horses dispatching the helpless Georgians. These techniques of reconnaissance and illusions are prime examples of Genghis Khan use of military strategies to help expand his empire against opponents that were inferior in military

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