Essay on The Modernization Theory Of China

1820 Words Oct 26th, 2016 8 Pages
China has had a history like no other. From dynasties ruled by emperors, to the communist revolution, to an eventual crossroads between the 20th century and western influence. China grew from an agrarian society to global superpower like the US, but the differences between the US and China are stark. The US is a democracy with a multi-party system competing for offices in government. However in China, the party is above the government; public offices are filled by appointed party members and the only elections take place in rural villages. During Communist rule there have many protests such as the 1959 Tibetan uprising or the Tiananmen Square in 1989 against corrupt officials, the authoritarian nature of the communist party, and for democracy. This paper will argue that the prospects of democracy in China is dim, and that the Communist Party’s tough grip on Chinese government makes it much more difficult to change as officials are not elected, but chosen. In addition this paper will provide evidence that China is an exception to the modernization theory and aligns with the distributional theory of wealth inequality.
An overview of China’s political party given by Lawrence & Martin (2013, 1) “Chinese Communist Party dominates state and society in China” is has control 3.75 million military/paramilitary troops, owns corporations, runs offices for all public and political institutions in addition to the media and courts. The government is run like most, with administration and…

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