The Misuse of Antibiotics and Bacterial Resistance
Penn State Worthington Scranton
The growing issue of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is growing more rapidly than anticipated. Numerous factors contribute to this growing issue and it creates a major concern for society today. The main factor in this growing issue is the continuous misuse and overuse of antibiotics. For example, people use them by prescribing antibiotics to themselves, even if they have acquired a viral infection. Furthermore, livestock is pumped full of antibiotics to promote growth and prevent infections. Moreover, bacteria have become smarter and evolved so that they are able to transmit the resistance to other bacteria. This is an
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Through this discovery, Fleming found that more soldiers were dying from this type treatment, rather than the infections themselves. In 1921, Fleming discovered that there is an antiseptic in body fluids called lysozyme. He mixed a drop of his mucus with a cluster of bacteria, expecting that he would affect the growth of the bacteria. He observed that the bacteria had been dissolved (Alexander Felming Biography, 2015). Later, in 1928, Fleming discovered that a specimen of Staphylococcus aureus was contaminated by mold (Alexander Felming Biography, 2015). The mold surrounding the Staphylococcus aureus destroyed the bacteria. He first called the discovery of his mold “mold juice”, but he later named it “penicillin” (Alexander Felming Biography, 2015). After perfecting penicillin, it was used in World War II and starting killing a mass of infections. In 1945. Fleming and two others that helped him perfect penicillin, received a Nobel Prize for the discovery of this antibiotics that changed the face of medicine (Alexander Felming Biography, 2015).
Process of Resistance There are a couple different factors that come into play when it comes to bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics. In order for resistance to develop, the organism of the bacteria must come in contact with the antibiotic