The Middle Ages And The Medieval Period Essay example

2016 Words Sep 28th, 2016 9 Pages
As the Middle Ages came to a conclusion and the movements towards individualism and humanism began to emerge with the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, philosophy and secular thought gradually took the place of theology as central to European life. While Christianity remained influential throughout the Renaissance, it is clear in thoughts concerning the role of education, political theory, human potential, and temporal matters that there was a tangible shift from theocentrism to a reliance on reason and political thought between the medieval and Renaissance periods.
The role of education in Renaissance Europe was far more secular and comprehensive than that of the medieval age. In a theocentric, theocratic, and authoritarian society, it was important that schools perpetuated the circulation of traditional knowledge. St. Augustine, a philosopher and theologian during the medieval period, suggests in Enchiridion that the conscious pursuit of conventional knowledge is unprofitable. It is, in this period, “enough for the Christian to believe that the only cause of all created things, whether heavenly or earthly, whether visible or invisible, is the goodness of the Creator, the one true God” (Baumer 36). To pursue an education apart from the Church was to display skepticism towards God and his omniscience. As the middle ages came to a close and the Renaissance began, this mindset began to shift. In the fifteenth century, during the early years of the Renaissance, New College at…

Related Documents