Essay The Mental Illness Of Prisons

1013 Words Sep 26th, 2016 5 Pages
It is estimated that 14% of men and 31% of women in jails have a serious mental illness (Kerle, 2016). This can put them at risk of victimisation, and makes them a greater threat to themselves as well as others. Claims that jails can be considered the new mental hospitals have been made for the past decade. Considering that an estimated 18% to 20% of the jail population consists of individuals suffering from an mental illness, this claim receives some validation (Kerle, 2016). This issue is not only present in the US but can also be found in countries such as Australia (Huxter, 2013). However, often times correctional institutions are not properly equipped to handle their increasing population of the mentally ill. Therefore many offenders with mental illnesses are not properly treated. By the time of their release this lack of treatment leads to many of them experiencing difficulties reintegrating into their communities. This often leads to them becoming homeless or re-offending and being placed back within correctional institutions, where they will not receive adequate treatment. This cycling through the criminal justice system is a serious social problem faced by this country. To improve this situation the current system has to be evaluated and necessary changes have to be implemented. This paper will examine this issue using two sub-disciplines of psychology, clinical psychology and forensic psychology. Clinical psychology was chosen due to the issues relating to the…

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