The Medical Laboratory Is A Staple Of Any Hospital Or Clinic Essay

810 Words Apr 20th, 2016 4 Pages
The medical laboratory is a staple of any hospital or clinic and is essential in providing accurate results for the patient. Blood banking is of particular importance because of its direct tie to helping patients. There are a number of tests that must be performed on blood, and the clinic as a whole would not be able to function without them.
In the laboratory, there are certain tests that must be performed on all donated blood. Blood typing is done to determine the donor’s ABO blood group and Rh status; it is then matched to the corresponding patient. Before a patient can receive any donated blood, it is tested to ensure the safety of the blood. Blood is tested for red blood cell antibodies that could cause a reaction in the patient, and units of platelets are tested for bacterial contamination. Blood is also tested for several transmissible infections including, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV 1 and 2, HTLV 1 and 2, Syphilis, and West Nile Virus; these diseases are tested for by antibody screening. New tests are being used that detect HIV and Hepatitis. Known as NAT, this test detects the genetic material of viruses and thus helps improve the safety of the blood supply. If a test is ruled positive, a duplicate test must be done; this ensures that there are no false positives. There are some infectious diseases that cannot be tested for, such as malaria. It is very important that donors be truthful when answering routine screening questions before their donation. Once all of…

Related Documents