Causes Of The March Revolution Of 1917

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In 1917, two revolutions happened that would change the future of Russia forever. In March, the strikes, and rebellion has caused the abdication of the Tsar Nicholas II, and the Provisional Government coming to power, and in October, the Bolsheviks had gained power to overtake the Provisional Government, and be the sole rulers of Russia.
1. March Revolution From 1894 to 1917, Russia was ruled by Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russia. During time of innovation, Russia was still clinging to it’s old ways, one of the reasons why the March Revolution of 1917, was called the February Revolution due to the different calendar Russia was using at the time. The last Tsar of Russia was a weak leader, influenced by the people around
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All their resources, time, and energy went to this war. They were suffering from many defeats, like the battles of Tannenberg and Masurian Lakes. Because of all the food, and money are being invested in the war, nothing was left for the citizens, which caused an inflation of food which meant that the peasants can’t afford anything. In February 1917, riots began, and crowds attacked bakeries for bread. This had gone on for days on end, and when the Tar had ordered the soldiers to stop the riots, instead they had joined the strike. This led to the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II.
2. October Revolution The Bolsheviks, which is translated to the majority, is a revolutionary party based on Karl Marx’s philosophy. They believed in equality between the poor and the rich. Nobody is higher or lower than anybody else, equal in every way. The Bolsheviks were founded by Vladimir Lenin, but during the March revolution was still exiled to Switzerland, but they were still a minority organization. After the Tsar had stepped down, they had begun to gain more power which led to them governing Russia by the end of the year. After the February Revolution, the Soviets were elected to be the new council. “They were usually chaotic, rowdy, and disorganized but they were elected – unlike the Provisional Government” (BBC
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Vladimir Lenin, the future leader of the Bolsheviks. Germany had sent Vladimir to Russia in hopes of Russia withdrawing of the war. Germany had succeeded in their devious plan and now, the eastern front was empty which meant they had a higher chance of winning the war, and put all their attention on the western front. The October Revolution was planned by Lenin to have complete control of the Soviets, but still make the public believe that they were genuine. “The Bolsheviks started in the spring of 1917 as the least influential of the three major socialist parties, but grew rapidly in size and importance” (Wade, 206). They had then joined with the Soviets to get the support of the peasants, workers, and soldiers. In August 1917, Kornilov, a Russian general, had tried to steal the power from The Soviets with the Provisional Government’s support. Trotsky had then directed the Red Guards to defend the city, and to interrupt Kornilov from seizing power. “Through the morning and afternoon of the 24th the two opposing sides, each basically acting defensively, each accusing the other of betraying the revolution and each posing as its defender, tried to rally political and military support as the confrontation gradually gained momentum” (Wade,

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