The Manifestations Of Resistance To Change In The Bpjs: Case Study

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4.4. Discussion
Changes in the SJSN begin with the establishment of two Act as the legal basis, namely the SJSN Law 2004 and the BPJS Law 2011. The next phase was the implementation of health insurance through JKN programme in 2014. Then, the four other insurance programmes, such as pension programme, old-age savings, work accident insurance and life insurance, will apply in July 2015 and 2029. Changes in the social security system in Indonesia cover all aspects of the organisation, like institutional changes, the establishment of a new task at each institution, and modify the business process. Refer to the ‘PEST Factors’ approach in analysing change in the SJSN, this study has found that the factor that driven the changes in the SJSN is political
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The Manifestations of Resistance to Change in the SJSN
Changes that occur in the social security system in Indonesia get responses from stakeholders, such as doctors as health professionals (Jamsosindonesia, 2012; Roszandi, 2013), hospitals as health care facilities (Kistyarini, 2014; Afrianti and Nurbaya,2014), employees who are members of the social security (Andrian, 2010; Kasbi, 2012; Paramita, 2013), and the social security institutions in the pre-SJSN (Nurismarsyah, 2011; Nababan, 2014). In 2010, the Commission IX of House of Representatives of Indonesia invited the three labour union confederations to discuss the BPJS bill. The three labour union confederations namely Confederation of Labour Union Throughout Indonesia (referred as Konfederasi Serikat Pekerja Seluruh Indonesia or KSPSI), Confederation of Indonesian Welfare Labour (referred as Konfederasi Serikat Buruh Sejahtera Indonesia or KSBSI), and Confederation of Indonesian Labour Union (referred as Konfederasi Serikat Pekerja Indonesia or KSPI). The invitation aims to ask the opinion of the group of workers since they will be affected by changes in the new system of SJSN. However, the three labour union confederations refused to attend the invitation (Andrian,
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This labour association threatened to withdraw their membership in Jamsostek if the institution merges with BPJS Employment (Kasbi, 2012). Meanwhile, other labour groups, which are incorporated in The National Front Reject BPJS-SJSN held a demonstration in front of the Presidential Palace in Jakarta. They demand to revise the SJSN Law (Leribun, 2012) and ask the government to revoke the SJSN Law and the BPJS Law (Sijabat and Rohmah, 2012). The National Workers Union from Solo did the same act with SBSI 1992. This association instructed to 4,000 members of Jamsostek to withdraw their retirement savings and leave the Jamsostek (Paramita,

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