Essay about The Makeup Of Labels And Their Effects On Mentality

1141 Words Apr 13th, 2016 5 Pages
The Makeup of Labels and Their Effects on Mentality
The focus of Gates’ article, Children with Gifts and Talents: Looking Beyond Traditional Labels, examines the relationship between student behaviors and labeling. (Roeper Review 2010). A case study was used to help Gates’ explain her key research question, which is addressed as follows: there is a relationship between the behavior/performance of a student and the label assigned to them. The variables in this study were student giftedness (independent variable) and student behavior (dependent variable). Gates measured these variables by admitting students to gifted education classrooms. These classrooms had a limited number of seats so not all so-called “gifted students” were admitted. So, Gate’s experimental group was those “gifted students” who were placed in a regular classroom and later told that they were in fact gifted. The theories used throughout this article include labeling theory, control theory, the pygmalion effect, and stigma theory. As Gates predicted these labels do have a large impact on students, even if the labels are not accurate.
Gates starts her article by shedding light on the fact that “Children are often categorized and labeled according to their intelligence quotient, standardized test score or some other indicator” (Gates, 2010, p. 200). These labels then influence not only the way others view the student but also how the student views himself or herself. Typically when the word label comes to…

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