The Main Factors Of China 's Massacre Square Massacre, Its Consequences And Legacies

1072 Words Mar 15th, 2016 null Page
June 4, 1989 is a day remembered in numerous parts around the world as a dark and somber tragedy that disregarded the most basic values of freedom and democracy. Yet this event is often viewed in the narrow lens as a failure of an attempt to democratize. Through this lens, the historical contexts and following consequences are severely oversimplified, which results in an inadequate and biased perspective of the event itself. The China today is still shaped and molded by the memories of the Tiananmen Square Incident, upon which there is general stability and prosperity for almost three decades since then. This paper seeks to examine the underlying historical factors of China that led to the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, its consequences and legacies.
While democratic countries obtain their legitimacy to rule through elections, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) does not have this option, and they resorted to a variety of different options since its founding. Initially, the CCP’s legitimacy to rule was grounded in two separate but related areas: Maoist ideology and CCP’s revolutionary credentials. Mao had firmly established a cult of personality that had China’s population honor and even worship him and his every words. In fact, his famous phrases were collected and published in Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong, commonly referred to as the Little Red Book, for which the Chinese people memorized and took to heart. During this time,…

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