The Long-Term Effects Of Climate Change

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In the past few centuries Earth’s climate has change dramatically with the increase of greenhouse gasses, and changes in global temperature. Global climate change has become a world wide spread issue. The international panel for climate change says global climate change is the result of the anthropogenic increases of carbon dioxide, and other greenhouse gases. “Soil biological processes have major long-term effects on composition of Earth’s atmosphere, which in turn influences all living things, including soil microorganisms” ( Brady, Weil 2008). Changes in atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, temperature, and precipitation amounts and patterns will modify the soil plant system, and influence decomposition rates which will have impacts on soil organic carbon levels (Brevik 2012). …show more content…
Also how temperature changes will affect the microbial community in soils, and the soil itself.
Soils is a four dimensional body (length, width, height, and time) formed at the interphase of atmosphere, and lithosphere, and is a crucial part to earth’s critical zone (Lal). Studies on how climate change will effect soils is in the early stages, however scientist know that climate change will affect the carbon cycle, and nitrogen cycle (Brevik, 2012). The change in the carbon cycle, and nitrogen cycle will affect soil processes, and fertility (Brevik, 2012). Majority of the carbon budget is stored in soils which is estimated to be about 2500 Pg (Brevik, 2012). There are two types of carbon stored in soils; organic carbon (organic matter), and inorganic carbon. “At low temperatures plant growth exceeds decomposition and organic matter accumulates” (Brady, Weil 2008).” High temperatures, decomposition surpass plant growth, so nutrients release is rapid, but organic matter accumulation is lower than in cooler soils” (Brady, Weil 2008). Changes in global temperature will effect decomposition of organic matter processes. One side effect of

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