The Long-Term Effects Of Climate Change
Also how temperature changes will affect the microbial community in soils, and the soil itself.
Soils is a four dimensional body (length, width, height, and time) formed at the interphase of atmosphere, and lithosphere, and is a crucial part to earth’s critical zone (Lal). Studies on how climate change will effect soils is in the early stages, however scientist know that climate change will affect the carbon cycle, and nitrogen cycle (Brevik, 2012). The change in the carbon cycle, and nitrogen cycle will affect soil processes, and fertility (Brevik, 2012). Majority of the carbon budget is stored in soils which is estimated to be about 2500 Pg (Brevik, 2012). There are two types of carbon stored in soils; organic carbon (organic matter), and inorganic carbon. “At low temperatures plant growth exceeds decomposition and organic matter accumulates” (Brady, Weil 2008).” High temperatures, decomposition surpass plant growth, so nutrients release is rapid, but organic matter accumulation is lower than in cooler soils” (Brady, Weil 2008). Changes in global temperature will effect decomposition of organic matter processes. One side effect of