Barg Theory

2227 Words 9 Pages
Julie Y. Huang, Joshua M. Ackerman, and John A. Bargh (2013) ran a social experiment and they proceeded to write an article of their studies, methods, and results. This article is entitled, “Superman to the rescue: Simulating physical invulnerability attenuates exclusion-related interpersonal biases”. In the article, the authors explain three different studies they conducted. Each study produced different findings that were recorded and interpreted for the researcher’s information to see if their theory was proved or disproved. Huang, Ackerman, and Bargh successfully preformed a social experiment that they recorded so that people can learn about social situations.
The basis of the article comes from common trends in America and how they could
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People can cope from social exclusion from either seeking reconnections with familiar individuals or denigrating unfamiliar and disliked others. According to the article, it is believed that these two types of reactions could be adaptive responses in ancestral environments where ostracism exposed people to death or physical harm. Huang, Ackerman, and Barg hypothesized that alleviating the foundational concerns with danger could lessen people’s need to cope with exclusion. This hypothesis is the main theory of the paper. The three studies preformed help show how physical invulnerability simulation can lessen good and bad reactions to social exclusion. The three studies help support whether or not the authors hypothesis is correct or not. Truly, each of the three studies either support or do not support what the authors originally hypothesized about social …show more content…
They also explored the question which regarded mental safety simulation. Is it simply just imagining physical protection that has power to intervene in social responses? In this method, fifty-four community members were assigned to a simulation that was either flying, invulnerable to injury, or impervious to pain. The three different simulations were how they manipulated the experiment. Next, the participants had to explain a time they had been or felt socially excluded. Then, depending on what section of the 3-level they were in, they had to imagine either flying, being invulnerable to pain, or being resistant to pain. They finished a simulation like the pre test except the second paragraph was a little different. When they finished, they were required to rate their positivity toward stigmatized groups like illegal immigrants, Muslims, crack addicts, etc. The results showed that there was a significant effect of condition on attitudes toward the stigmatized groups. The predictions were consistent with the results. People who were simulated invulnerability were more positive and even more favorable toward the stigmatized groups. Ultimately, Study 1 successfully proved that eliminating the threat of injury, not the threat of pain, weakened the out-group attitudes susceptible to

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