The Lisbon Earthquake Kant Analysis

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The argument between Voltaire and Rousseau is a byproduct of the Lisbon earthquake. The Lisbon earthquake becomes a notion of evil that no one can fully understand. It’s really the start of secularization in the early 18th century. Voltaire and Rousseau interpret the Lisbon earthquake in two very different ways both of which start to question man’s relationship with evil. Voltaire’s faith in a transcendental god is shaken. Voltaire doesn’t understand Lisbon. He’s furious at god for letting this happen and it begins to make him question whether or not god is actually benevolent. Although he still accepts a metaphysical god he begins to push away from the church. The Lisbon earthquake is a true turning point for man and a major shift in worldview …show more content…
The notion of individuality starts to become detached from the metaphysical. Kant takes sin out of the picture and brings reason and freedom back to earth drawing from Rousseau’s beliefs that man is at fault. He believes man is outside the causality of nature alluding to the idea that man is the first cause in a causal series. Kant’s main concern is moral behavior and autonomy of self. Kant’s interpretation of evil is defined by what an individual posits as a universal moral maxim. Kant believes that in order to be completely moral you must have your will and your willkur agree with each other and act accordingly to your will. He believes that you are committing an act of radical evil if your motives are in your own self-interest. To be moral a person must do his or her duty for duty’s sake. He takes out all prior feelings and emotions in order to not corrupt the integrity of morality. He tries so hard to stay away from a perverse selfish desire that he makes it logically possible to posit a moral maxim while also committing an act of diabolical evil. He is not interested in content instead, he gives rules of procedure, He believes that you make you “you”. The possibility to construct a universal maxim is to justify the actions of an individual. His guidelines to morality allow for a paradoxical course where a seemingly immoral act such as a suicide bomber can completely coincide with ethical …show more content…
The inability to persuade choice by desire is a suffocating aspect to Kant’s structure of morality. This, in turn, could lead to a complete and total rebel in the sense that primal desire takes over without any rational or reason. This would lead to an attraction to crime and punishment as the ultimate desire for self. Going from one extreme to another just to release a life force. Kant’s harsh restrictions of all emotion lead from a torturous conscious a weakness inside a person or being a sense of destruction as a sense of absolute self. It becomes a dominant reaction to the overemphasis on the reaction to reason. There is a willed voice that wants to rebel against reason in order to express individuality, from the opposite end of the spectrum, seeing destruction as an antidote to the torture of conscience. All in all, Kant is trying to deal with a new understanding of the self and individual authority, of what man should consider moral and what structure we should follow to ensure we continue to act accordingly. Philosophers have been wrestling with the idea of evil since the turn of the 19th century but the reality of it is that Evil is beyond language and a definition of morality is

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