The Link Between Genetic Screening And Abortion Essay

1163 Words Nov 17th, 2014 null Page
The Link Between Genetic Screening and Abortion Pregnancy screenings are essential to providing adequate care for pregnant mothers and fetuses. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) (2014b), several screenings are now recommended as routine prenatal care for all pregnant women. Health care providers may use the information obtained from screenings to identify and manage any complications that may arise during pregnancy or birth. One such routine screening is a urinalysis, which provides information on possible preeclampsia. Preeclampsia can lead to preterm birth, low birth weight, and even placental abruption, which can be life threatening for both the mother and fetus (Mayo Clinic, 2014). For this reason, screening allows for early identification of health risks for the mother and fetus. Genetic screenings are another form of prenatal screening that is becoming ever-increasingly used. There are two main methods to perform genetic screening: an amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling. The samples obtained through these methods are evaluated for fetal risk for or actual presence of any medical conditions (American Pregnancy Association, 2014). Other genetic tests can be performed early in pregnancies that allow identification of non-medical conditions, such as race, sex, and the biological father. The decreasing cost and increasing ease of genetic screening has led to an increased participation of patients in genetic screening. In…

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