The Life And Beliefs Of The Life Of Socrates

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Socrates was born in the year 470 BC. in Athens, Greece. His father was a sculptor and his mother was a midwife. Socrates was the first Greek philosophers who died unjustly condemned by the Athenian justice. Socrates was a classic philosopher, stood out for his human qualities, spiritual integrity, social pedagogy and moral greatness; he devoted his life to the education of young people, without earning a penny. His wise teachings, who opposed the Sophists of the time, help to shape ethical conduct and build a better world. Socrates was accused of corrupting the youth through their new religious ideas away from the principles of democracy, be the state criminal and enemy of the city, being an evil and despicable person, having conspired against …show more content…
Socrates was imprisoned and unjustly sentenced to death by drinking hemlock. While Socrates was in jail, he was visited by his best friend criton, who insistently persuade him the possibility of escape, but Socrates made clear his principles and consistency in his thoughts and actions demonstrating a sense of morality and respect for justice. Socrates made clear his conservative and moralistic view of life and its high sense of patriotism and respect for the system by which their status was governed. Criton showed a great interest in the idea that Socrates escape during their dialogue. But, Socrates clinged to his principles and values such as justice, responsibility, morality and should be. Socrates accepted his inexorable fate clinging to his beliefs and values dying with a clear conscience and intact honor. Socrates defended the justice, honor and the same laws that condemned him to the last moment. Socrates believed that injustice can not be straightened with another unjust act, therefore he accepted an unjust sentence, rejecting the Criton 's offer and obeying and fulfilling the human …show more content…
Socrates was followed by numerous young people from good families to hear him speak. He never called them students or disciples, but companions, these young people followed him willingly , and he could not prevent them from listen him. He was accused of having sucked the brains of these young people, so they gave more attention to him than his own parents, a fact that was frowned upon by the Athenian society since he was considered an insult. So, they were punished the denial of rights as Athenian citizens. The youth who followed Socrates dare to imitate him after having been listening. Following this, he was accused of inducing young people to the art of social and political criticism, to which Socrates responds by saying that he was only taught to philosophize. Also, Socrates was accused by introducing new divinities. He defended that the divine is the interior, as it provides, personal and social welfare, so it is totally ethical. the result of the election was the death penalty. Socrates accepted the death penalty and refuse the jail and the fine. He rejected the jail, because if he was in jail he can not continue teaching philosophy, and rejected the fine as he would have to be imprisoned until he pay the full amount of the fine, something that he could no do as he did not have any money to paid . The exile was also rejected by Socrates, as he thought that if his own people did not want him, least in another town.

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