The Leviathan By Thomas Hobbes Essay

915 Words Feb 29th, 2016 4 Pages
In this paper, Thomas Hobbes ' view of society from his book The Leviathan will be discussed as well as challenged. His philosophy is that our human state of nature is ultimately a state of war. His premises, reasoning, and conclusion of this view will be explored in order to better understand his claim. In The Leviathan, Hobbes argues that our state of nature is a state of war. The goal of this book was to prevent Civil War and to show people that any sovereign is better than none at all. What he implies by the state of nature is the state society is in when there is no government, no civil authority, and no legal system. He claims that in this state, there is a constant threat of war. There are three main premises that Hobbes ' discusses. His first premise for this belief is egoism. Hobbes ' claims that humans are motivated entirely by self-interest. This means that every choice or action carried out by humans is intended only to benefit themselves. The second premise that he focuses on is scarcity. For this premise, Hobbes claims that there is not enough of the things us humans want for all to get everything they want. He breaks this claim into two parts. He highlights that there are two types of scarcity. Both the scarcity for material goods as well as a scarcity of status. Hobbes claims that no matter what the circumstance, there cannot be enough material goods or status for everyone, which causes tension. His third premise is equality. He writes, “But this proveth…

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