The Leviathan By Thomas Hobbes Essay

1634 Words Oct 7th, 2015 7 Pages
In the Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes, he discusses the natural condition of mankind and the establishment of the commonwealth through social contract. The necessity of a commonwealth can be justified by the vices of human nature. He claims that in the natural condition, all men have a restless desire for power; thus, life in the natural condition is “nasty, brutish and short” (76). However, an alternative to the natural condition is the establishment of a commonwealth. A commonwealth is necessary to protect one’s life. I know this because all men are created equal and therefore have the ability to kill each other. The natural condition of mankind is made up of their felicity and their misery. Hobbes says “nature hath made men so equal in the faculties of body and mind” (74). Men differ in strengths of their natural powers. For example, having more wit or eloquence than someone else is a different strength. However even if a person has many strengths, all men are naturally equal according to Hobbes. They are equal in ability because even “the weakest has strength enough to kill the strongest” (74). Thus in the natural condition, war and misery are inevitable. Regardless of strength, all men are capable of killing one another when it comes to obtaining what they want. This is true because “from this equality of ability ariseth equality of hope” (75). Equality of hope is derived from equality of ability. The equality hope means, “If two men desire the same thing, which…

Related Documents