Essay about The Legalization Of Organ Sale

1499 Words Oct 31st, 2015 6 Pages
The Legalization of Organ Sale: Getting to the Heart of the Matter
Over 120,000 citizens within the United States spend their days waiting for a lifesaving organ transplant. Every twelve minutes another name is added to that waiting list, for a total of 43,800 additions to the waiting list per year, and yet only a mere 28,000 organ transplants occur a year (American Transplant Foundation). This deficit has led to a massive, unregulated black market for organ transplants which are oftentimes unsafe (Taylor). The United States not only contributes directly to this problem through existing legislation, but also violates natural law and engages in unconstitutional behavior through criminalizing the sale of human organs capable of transplant while the donor is living.
Before beginning to analyze the issue it is important to understand the history of legislation regarding organ sale and donation within the United States. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, medical science experienced a multitude of breakthroughs. One such breakthrough was the first successful kidney transplant in 1954 and, later in 1967, the first successful liver and heart transplants (Cohen 1, Schwark). These new developments created a sudden need for relevant legislation. Thus, in 1968 the National Conference on the Commission of Uniform State Laws designed the Uniform Anatomical Gifts Act (UAGA). The UAGA did not expressly prohibit compensation for organ donation and it was not until 1984, when the National Organ…

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