The Labelling Theory Of Youth Deviance In The Youth

1875 Words 8 Pages
Understanding why individuals engage in deviant behaviour in many opinion is important for people to investigate whether youth deviance has increased over the years as we need to understand the situations that may cause deviance and how deviance is learned. Many believe this is an important factor as, society now could be the cause of the behaviour. This assignment will investigate not only how and why deviance has occurred but also to see if deviance within youths is on the climb. There are many theories that claim they have the answer to why youths are deviant. One some tend to agree with is the labelling theory, the Labelling theory looks at why and how people commit crime but only few are deemed as deviant. It also investigates the …show more content…
Durkheim believed that ‘crime is normal in society and needs to occur’ (Durkheim 1983). He also believed there is a limit of crime that is normal in society and that crime helps display and enforce values and norms and distinguishes between ideal and deviant behaviour. Durkheim created the theory of anomie which many went on to use his original idea of anomie suggested that societies social restraints fail to contain an individual’s behaviour allowing crime to be committed. Merton uses Durkheim’s theory of anomie and transforms it to fit into Americas time of the 1930’s. His theory was that anomie was the result of goals such as the American dream not being achievable for everyone. Merton’s main argument was that American values were to blame for the strain that was caused by certain individuals not being able to achieve this caused people to turn to deviant behaviour for a form of success. Cohen disagrees with Merton’s theory and thinks that instead of having to turn to crime, they ignore the goals that the higher chain has and instead sets their own goals that are realistic to the society they are

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