The Labeling Theory Beyond Primary And Secondary Deviance Essay

794 Words Sep 28th, 2015 4 Pages
4. Expanding the Labeling Theory beyond primary and secondary deviance, Braithwaite’s sub-theory of Reintegrative Shaming sought to provide a better understanding and new approach to understanding the role of labeling criminal activity throughout society. According to Reid (2012), Braithwaite’s restorative justice theorized that “labeling might cause some people to abandon criminal activity; it might cause others to continue crime” (p. 173). The major difference between reintegrative shaming theory and traditional labeling theory is the rejection of the idea “that stigmatization is an inevitable product of social disapproval, and its corollary that the application of social control is a fraught exercise” (Harris, 2010, p. 4). Braithwaite provided a distinct difference between stigmatization and reintegration through four dimensions. Each dimension focuses on looking at the individual in a positive manner rather than a negative one. For example, one facet of stigmatization is “ceremonies to certify deviance not terminated by ceremonies to decertify deviance” (p. 5), while reintegration focuses on “ceremonies to certify deviance terminated by ceremonies to decertify deviance” (p. 4). Simply put, in order to reduce crime after the individual has been labeled, one must focus on a reintegrative approach rather than continuing to implore disintegrative shaming. This sub-theory relates to the parental theory in terms of after the individual commits primary deviance and the…

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