Essay The Kohlberg 's Theory Of Moral Development

1701 Words Dec 14th, 2016 7 Pages
1. The belief of how people make meaning of their world are very different between Kohlberg and Gilligan (as cited in Patton et al., 2016). One difference between to two theorist is a concept of justice versus the concept of care. Kohlberg’s theory of Moral Development was based on a study conducted on 72 upper and middle class males, which does not give complete picture of the process of moral development of human beings because it only focuses on one sex. Gilligan challenged Kohlberg’s model by constructing a separate moral development theory for women. Gilligan’s model is based on the characteristics of women regarding care and relationships, where Kohlberg’s theory is based upon the principle that human beings make decisions on the basis of universal, abstract principles in of justice, duty, and impartial reasoning, and logic (as cited in Patton et al., 2016). Regarding moral development in Kohlberg’s model, women are inferior to men. Gilligan’s model challenged this by claiming that women are inherently inclined towards care and responsibility towards others (as cited in Patton et al., 2016). In contrast to men, according to Gilligan (1977), women hold different things as morally valuable. Empathy is prioritized over logic in decision making. Also women define and understand themselves more when it comes to responsibilities and relationships. Similarly, both theorists’ levels have progression, and focus on only one gender. Kohlberg focused on how individuals make…

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