The Key Theories Of Child Development

1250 Words 5 Pages
A child profile showing child’s developmental progress across all developmental domains supported by a rationale with links to the key theories of child development

This essay will discuss the developmental progress of a child in a setting in the three prime areas, Communication and Language, Physical Development, and Personal, Social and Emotional Development. It will also discuss reason and theory behind this progress and also the impact of been in long term foster care and partial foetal alcohol syndrome.

Child A started nursery at the age of 36 months, when first assessed they were at risk of working below in all areas and were working within the 22-36 months bracket throughout all areas. Communication and Language, they were working
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Child A has made 4 steps of progress in moving and handling, they are working at beginning-plus of the 30-50 month band. In health and self-care they have made 6 steps of progress and are working within-plus the 30-50 month band. They are working at expectation across all areas of Physical Development. A theory that supports this development is Wilson’s six principles, this is research that focuses on drugs and diseases that cause functional defects and congenital abnormalities , the principles are; Susceptibility to teratogens depends on genotype, Susceptibility to teratogens varies with the developmental stage, Teratogens act in specific ways on developing tissues, The access of adverse influences to developing cells and tissues, There are four main outcomes of abnormal development – death, malformation, growth retardation and functional defect, Outcomes of abnormal development increase in frequency and degree. (Doherty and Hughes, 2013, pp. 127). This theory links to Child A as they have partial foetal alcohol syndrome, which links to the 4th principle the access of adverse influences to developing cells and tissues, as Marleo et al and Steinhausen et al said, the effects seen on the child depended on the length of exposure, then when children are assessed later on in their development, they have lower than average intelligence and are more disruptive, …show more content…
In making relationships they were working at beginning-plus of the 22-36 band. Child A has made 5 steps of progress in Self-confidence and self-awareness and is working at the beginning of the 30-50 month band. In Managing feelings and behaviour they have made 2 steps of progress and are working securely within the 22-36 month band. In Making relationships they have made 6 steps of progress and are working at the beginning of the 30-50 month band. They are working at expectation in Self-confidence and Self-awareness and also in making relationships, In Managing feelings and behaviour they are working below expectation. A theory which supports this development is Michael Rutter who examined the mechanisms in ‘maternal deprivation’ he believed that that there were two separate aspects to separation and disruption of bonding with an attachment figure. He pointed out that not all children are affected the same by separations, and can be influenced by the child’s age, length of separation, whether other attachment figures are available (Shute and Slee, 2015, p. 9). This theory links to Child A as they are in long term foster care and have made significant amounts of progress throughout this area, particularly in making relationships this shows that they have not had any issues attaching to other attachment figures regardless of the

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