The Issue Of The Criminal Justice Policy Essay

1644 Words Jun 9th, 2016 7 Pages
Until the mid-1970s, the main principle of the criminal justice policy in Canada had been rehabilitation of the offender (Klassen, 2016, para. 4). Offenders participated in rehabilitative programs, such as further education, psychological counseling, and work training to prepare them for their reintegration into society (Klassen, 2016, para. 4). In the mid-1970s, people began to question the effectiveness of rehabilitation, and there was a renewed interest in stricter ways of deterrence (Klassen, 2016, para. 4). Today, despite these prison reform efforts, there continues to be high rates of recidivism, being at 40.6% as of 2010 (Bonta et al, 2010, p. 16).
This systemic issue has caused Canadians to question why rates of recidivism continue to be high. The issue can be primarily attributed to the lack of support for offenders during and after incarceration, which negatively affects their adjustment to society upon release. Firstly, there is a failure to provide rehabilitative programs during incarceration, causing the improper social reintegration of the offender. More importantly, upon release from prison, offenders are confronted by a variety of social, economic, and personal challenges, for which there is inadequate support. These combined factors ultimately lead to a return to crime, resulting in recidivism.
To begin with, the conditions and lack of resources during incarceration negatively impacts an offender’s return to society, increasing the likelihood of recidivism.…

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