The Issue Of Emergency Contraceptives Essay

1351 Words Nov 16th, 2016 6 Pages
Decision making is a process that involves evaluating pros and cons, considering benefits and drawbacks, and taking into account varying scenarios. On the government scale, reaching conclusions comes with much more complexity as varying politics, ethics, perspectives, arguments, social beliefs, laws, rights, and people of all different backgrounds are thrown into the mix. Controversy is common as a result of all of the different angles to be considered. One controversy in particular that has received much attention is on the issue of emergency contraceptives, or the morning-after pill. In 2013, the FDA approved the Plan B One-Step pill to be available to women ages 15 and older without a prescription. What factors went into making this decision, and how was this conclusion reached? The FDA came to this decision by both considering the facts and ethics of the drug and both sides of the argument, but ultimately came to their conclusion through the heavy influence of politics.

To analyze the ethics of the FDA’s decision, one must first consider the facts. How do emergency contraceptives work, are they safe, and how many people use them? One article states that the Plan B pill prevents pregnancy by “delaying ovulation or interfering with the fertilization of the egg” (“Plan B One-Step”, 2016). Emergency contraceptives use the same hormones contained in birth control to “block pregnancy” by stopping the release, fertilization or implantation of an egg, (How Does Emergency…

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