Essay on The Islamic Paradigm Through A Social And Political Lens

1244 Words Mar 2nd, 2016 null Page
One salient feature of modernity is the creation of new domains of religious discourse, redefining how and where Muslims seek religious authority. Initially, scholars adhering to the secular liberal-liberal vision of modernity presumed that the progressive transition to modernization would lead to two different paths: 1) a separation of religion from the state, with the former taking a backseat to the polity; and 2) the increasing differentiation of society into divergent spheres (economic, educational, familial, etc.) of which religion is one (Mahmood, 2004). In taking account alternative explanations to the secular-liberal vision of modernity, scholars must reexamine the nature of the Islamic paradigm through a social and political lens.
Islam and secularism have long been at odds in Egypt since the experience of British colonialism in the 19th century where the atmosphere allowed for propagation of Western ideas. Reflexively, rapid innovations in print technologies drastically intensified the interplay of modernization and religion. Under the secularist-nationalist Nasser regime (1956-1970), greater concentration was placed on cultivating an Arab identity and nationalism over Muslim identity and nationalism. The perceived decline in Muslim tradition paved the way for the rise of audio technology in the 1970s. It was during this period that literacy among wider populations, even in urban centers, was below threshold. Hence, the audio cassette was taken up with urgency to…

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