The Is The Acronym For Clustered Essay

1105 Words Jun 30th, 2016 null Page
CRISPR is the acronym for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeat. This term is used to describe the unique organization of DNA sequences that are partially palindromic and are found in genomes and other microorganisms. The CRISPR immune system protects bacteria from ongoing viral infection. CRISPRs are variable sequences called spacers. The spacers are made from DNA of the virus that already attacked the host bacteria. The spacers serve as a sort of genetic memory of the previous infections. If another infection of the same type were to come then the CRISPR system will break apart any part of the DNA that matches that of that infection. If there is a virus that is not seen then a new spacer is created and added to the chain of the other spacers and repeats. The CRISPR system can be applied in various ways such as the lab, industry and in medicine. In the lab scientists have learned how to harness the technology to make changes in genes of organisms as fruit flies, mice and even human cells. CRISPR allows scientists to modify some genes but leave others alone. The scientists design short RNA molecules that match specific DNA sequences. Gene editing in this sense is just like editing a sentence or word and delete some words and spell the correctly. One person that is specifically working on CRISPR is Jennifer Doudna. She earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in CHemistry at Pomona College in 1985. She received her Ph.D. in Biochemistry from Harvard University…

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