The International Criminal Court

1399 Words 6 Pages
Certain measures have been implemented to deal with the promotion and enforcement of human rights on an international level. Those bodies that are not able to enforce decisions or laws primarily deal with the promotion of these rights. These include non-legal responses such as the media and non-government organisations. They must work in conjunction with courts and tribunals that do have adequate power to enforce their findings although these are often very costly options. Each response has at least some effect on the promotion and enforcement of human rights despite their flaws.

The United Nations is perhaps the most prominent organisation to work with human rights. It is the primary source of some of the most vital and fundamental human
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The court was founded in 2002 with the purpose of prosecuting individuals who have committed international crimes, some of which constitute human rights abuses, such as the case of Thomas Lubanga Dyilo. Lubanga was arrested on a multitude of charges including the use of child soldiers in international conflict (a war crime under the Rome Statute). In 2012 Lubanga was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment for his crimes, the first ever conviction delivered by the ICC. The ICC differs from other international responses in that it is able to enforce its decisions on the individuals it convicts. Thus, it is more able to punish abuses of human rights when they are perpetrated by …show more content…
The court’s success stems from its enforceability, making it quite effective despite the poor use of resources. The decisions it makes are binding on all member states of the European Union and therefore greatly influence domestic legislation. Again, the problem with this court lies with its resources; according to a 2014 article “The remarkable shrinking backlog at the European Court of Human Rights” by Alice Donald, in 2011 the ECHR had over 160,000 cases waiting to be processed. However, with the introduction of new measures this figure has almost halved in 2014, indicating that this problem is now being addressed and

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