Childhood Obesity In Native Americans: A Case Study

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The increasing prevalence of obesity is directly related in adverse health outcomes (type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol and endometrial cancer in women, and colorectal cancer in men) in American Indian/Alaskan Native communities.
According to the Centers for Disease Control in 2013, Diabetes was the 4th leading cause of death in American Indians/Alaskan Natives. Currently in the United States, 35.1% of adults 20 years and over are obese. In the American Indian population 69.0% of adults age 20 years and over are overweight. 20.5% of adolescent’s age 12-19 years are obese, 17.7% of children 6-11 years are obese, and 8.4% of children 2-5 are obese. Population affected by obesity and diabetes is American Indians/Alaskan Natives who have a higher risk.
According to the article, The epidemic of obesity in American Indian Communities and the need for childhood obesity-prevention programs 1’2’3, “Obesity has become a major health problem in American Indians only in the past 1-2 generations and is believed to be associated with the relative abundance of high-fat foods and the rapid change from active to sedentary lifestyles.”(Story) There has been a trend toward increasing obesity
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The Returning to Hózhó program is focused on improving the children’s dietary intake and increasing physical education activity, as well as participation of their families in Health and Wellness classes. Dietary changes included reduction of calories from fat, reduced intake of sugar sweetened beverages, and increased intake of vegetables and fruits offered only at school. Through health and wellness classes obesity related knowledge, attitudes, behavior, and healthy dietary

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