Inequality Of Opportunity

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The United States of America was built upon ideologies that were carved to restore freedom. The United States was established by numerous ideologies, but one in particular has thrived throughout centuries and still hold a very deep meaning. The American Dream, an ideology which states that America is a land of opportunity where an individual with talent and hard work can achieve upward intergenerational mobility. This ideology is one of the important forces behind the immigration to America. But sadly today it can be said that this ideology is not true anymore, not to the current and upcoming generations of individuals of the American society. Today, America is not a land of opportunity where an individual with talent and hard work can achieve …show more content…
Inequality of opportunities can be described as how inequality shapes the lives of the children and young adults as they grow up. It also emphasizes the lack of opportunity that they face in order to achieve their full potential (Manza et al., 2015 .The inequality of opportunity can be further examined through the concept of social mobility in through which parents or children have the same or similar socioeconomic status while they are adults (Manza et al., 2015). It is not to say that individuals have not held higher socioeconomic standards than their parents while they were adults but more so that it is very rare to see such exponential “rags to riches” events. In a perfect world it can be said that a parent’s income does not make an impact on the child’s life and that they will be able to achieve social mobility. However, the income that the child earns in future is highly reflective of the income that parent had, this phenomenon is called perfect immobility. The intergenerational association between the earnings of the parents and the child is quite high in the United States, at a 0.41. This means that if the parent’s income is $100,000 above average the child’s income as adult would be $41,000 above average approximately (Manza et al., 2015). The inequality of opportunity that many …show more content…
Life chances is the possibility of a person that has opportunities in life to attain education, a job and an income (Manza et al., 2015). Life chances is similar across social classes, which supports the evidence presented under the concept of inequality of opportunity. One of the ways life chances is attained, is through possibility of accessing education. Accessing education can be ways or difficult depending on the environmental factors that one might face. Whites still have much better chance in attaining a good education compared to Blacks and Hispanics who can access education but it is not of the equal quality of the Whites, especially high schools. Race along with class can also impact the quality of education one might attain. Race can also become a barrier in obtaining a job or an income. Institutional (structural) discrimination can install barriers when one tries to obtain a job based on the race, gender and sexual orientation of the individual. Attainment of education is also connected to living area of different groups of people, Blacks and Hispanics usually live in urban areas where schools are of lower quality than White suburban schools. Residential segregation can also play part in life chances, especially ones connected to race and ethnicities (Manza et al., 2015). Life chances are affected by various

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