The Industrialization Of Europe During The Nineteenth Century

770 Words Feb 21st, 2016 4 Pages
Throughout the nineteenth century, Europe faced a time of severe economic, technological, and social revolution. As parts of Europe began to industrialize, people began to emigrate to cities and leave their homes in the country behind. This large scale migration of Europeans from countrysides to cities took place because of a population boom, technological and transportational advancements, and the increase of job opportunities.
Prior to an industrialized Europe, the Agricultural Revolution transformed crop production and farm life, ultimately causing a drastic population increase, specifically among Great Britain and more progressive countries. As a result of the Enclosure Acts and privatized land, fewer farmers were needed to work in the fields, and left many villagers without farming opportunities. The Enclosure Acts also allowed landowners to charge high rent prices to the farmers with jobs, driving away a large portion of workers. While this itself was one of the causes for migration to cities, the farmers that were able to work on land began to find new, efficient ways to produce more food with less resources. With the popularization of crop rotation in the eighteenth century, and the invention of the steel plow in 1837, farm life became increasingly more efficient and allowed for a large food supply in Great Britain. In turn, this food supply was able to support a population boom of 16.3 to 20.8 million people over the course of twenty years in the 1800’s. Facing the…

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