The Industrial Revolution During The 18th And 19th Century Essay

1094 Words Jul 25th, 2015 null Page
The Industrial Revolution in the 18th and 19th century was a major turning point in history and influenced every aspect of daily life, including traveling (Griffin, 2010). With the invention of the steam engine and further developments in transportation technologies, the mobility of tourists improved considerably. Particularly trains and the steam ships did not only lead to an upsurge in transport carrying capacity, but reduced substantially the cost of travelling (More, 2000) as well. Although these new means of transport were not created to promote tourism they provided the foundation for modern mass tourism. Though, one must keep in mind that in the early 19th century travel still remained a privilege for the nobility and the upper middle class (Gyr, 2010).
At about the same time photography once more became popular among scientists, such as Joseph Niepce who created the first photographic image with his version of the Camera Obscura. The created heliographs, or sun prints, which are regarded as the prototype of modern photographs, took more than eight hours of light exposure to create, and faded away shortly after appearing (Davlin, 2011). This milestone, however, could not have been achieved without the diligent work of Sir Isaac Newton and Johann Heinrich Schulze a few decades earlier, the former to have discovered the composition of the white light of different colours and the latter to have discovered the effects of silver nitrate to darken upon expose to light. Two…

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