The Indus Valley Civilizations Vs. Mesopotamian Civilizations
1185 Words May 5th, 2016 null Page
Many times the best way to understand civilizations is in reference to another civilization or civilizations in the same time period, or by comparing advancements in language, size, and trade, or by comparing city-state and territorial-state perameters. In this essay I will discuss the Indus Valley Civilizations, and more specifically Mohenjo-daro with regards to its similarities and differences to Mesopotamian, and Egyptian civilizations, and its status as a city-sate or territorial-state.
Although the Indus Valley Civilizations were bigger than Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations, they are the least known about. It is only within the past 130 plus years that the discovery and debate about the significance of the Indus Valley Civilizations has been in the forefront of archaeologist’s, and linguist’s minds. The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was located between the Indus river and, the now hidden, Sarasvati river in northwest India/Pakistan, and south of the Himalayan mountains (Smiley, 2015: Unit 5). Annual snow melts from the Himalayan Mountains, caused flooding of the two rivers, which in turn created alluvial areas, suitable for growing crops (Wenke, 2008). As with other hunter-gather groups, the settlers of the IVC, found that hunting and farming was best near these silt lined waterways. These locations allowed for longer stays, and eventually subsistence farming. The Mesopotamian’s were situated between the Tigris and Euphrates, and Egyptian’s on…