The Incarceration Of A Parent Essay

1637 Words Nov 12th, 2014 7 Pages
Literature Review Millions of young children in the United States have a parent or parents who are incarcerated or have been incarcerated for the better half of their lives. In fact, research shows that the number of children with parents in prison has doubled, making them one of the most at-risk populations in the United States (Miller, 2006). Having an incarcerated parent or parents could have many negative impacts on the child’s social and mental health. Researchers hypothesize that exposure to neighborhoods with a high crime rate, poverty, and/or violence is more significant among children with incarcerated parents (Gabel & Shindledecker, 1993). I believe that the incarceration of a parent ultimately leads to, and could be instrumental in children being exposed to traumatizing experiences. These experiences include, but are not limited to: drug use, gang violence, and unhealthy upbringings. For example, parents sometimes lose their parental rights after getting arrested. Due to the loss of their parental rights, the home environment they once had now is replaced by adoptive care units, foster homes, or placements with relatives who may not be prepared financially. This plays a big role in the vicious cycle that these children may be exposed to.
Gender Differences in Children According to various studies I have found, there are differences in the ways children of a specific gender are affected. Paternal incarceration among girls was associated with a significant…

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