Summary: The Importance Of Drinking Water In Sub Saharan Africa

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For many years and until this very moment, people around the globe have been suffering from lack of access to drinkable water, hygiene and sanitation. According to the World Health Organization, 2.5 billion people do not have access to decent sanitation. More, almost a billion people defecate in open areas. The lack in proper sanitation and access to sanitation at all causes “1.8 billion people to use source of drinking water fecally contaminated” (WHO). The issue of sanitation and access to water is very important. Thousands of people especially in developing countries have no access to soap and water to wash their hands, which leads to the rapid increase of many diseases such as diarrhea and malaria. Because of the urgency of this matter, …show more content…
Lots of governments do not seem willing or do not understand the importance of targeting that issue. In sub Saharan Africa where most cases of death occur, governments use only a small portion of their money toward providing sanitation and clean water to their populations. It is true that sub Saharan African countries are developing countries therefore lack the sufficient funds to take on such a big issues. But, many organizations such as WHO, UNICEF and so on have taken upon themselves to help those countries. In the GLAAS (global analysis and assessment of sanitation and drinking-water) report of 2014, the UN concludes that most African countries do not use the funds they received to address hygiene, sanitation and water issues. Also, most of them lack monitoring system to access the efficacy of the programs put into place. Besides, not all African countries have recognized in their constitutions access to water, sanitation and hygiene as a human right. As of 2014, 29 countries had recognized access to water as a human right and 25 access to sanitation as a human right (GLAAS). Furthermore, the lack of access to water and sanitation leads to the increase in non-educated children especially female. In African culture it is the females who go fetch the water. They walk in average close to 4 miles per day to get water to their …show more content…
When it comes to sub Saharan Africa, one way to improve the situation would be to make drinkable water accessible by installing water pumps in rural areas. That way, women will be able to attend schools and the overall community health will be ameliorated. Also, it is crucial that at the same time, restrooms are installed in villages, schools and public areas. This will reduce the number of people that defecate in the open. Besides the access to this technology, it is important that populations are educated. They need to know and understand the benefits of having a pump with drinkable water versus going to a polluted river. More, they also need to learn that open defecation is bad for their heath and their children heath and that using proper toilets can help them ameliorate their life conditions. At a higher level, African governments need to put into place or enforce current programs and ways to access them. It is impossible to know the impact of a program if one is not able of accessing his limits and accomplishments. African governments in place of focusing on the lack of available funds should use the resources they have available at the fullest. They need to keep in mind that every dollar used to make water, sanitation and hygiene accessible can eventually make them save or give them 4 dollars (Every dollar invested in

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