The Importance Of Water In Sub Saharan Africa

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For many years and until this very moment, people around the globe have been suffering from lack of access to drinkable water, hygiene and sanitation. According to the World Health Organization, 2.5 billion people do not have access to decent sanitation. More, almost a billion people defecate in open areas. The lack in proper sanitation and access to sanitation at all causes “1.8 billion people to use source of drinking water fecally contaminated” (WHO). The issue of sanitation and access to water is very important. Thousands of people especially in developing countries have no access to soap and water to wash their hands, which leads to the rapid increase of many diseases such as diarrhea and malaria. Because of the urgency of this matter, …show more content…
More, at least 80 percent of wastewater is added to rivers and sea without being removed. One of the most scary and sad things is that every day, 1000 children die due to preventable water related diseases (Sustainable development goals). Of these 1000 children, 500 are from Sub Saharan Africa. “Some 180,000 children under the age of five die every year due to diarrhoeal diseases linked to inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene” (UNICEF). Sub Saharan African countries especially West and Central Africa countries carry the majority of the world burden. Countries such as Chad and the Republic of Congo have the lowest rate in sanitation and drinking water respectively (UNICEF urges swift …show more content…
Lots of governments do not seem willing or do not understand the importance of targeting that issue. In sub Saharan Africa where most cases of death occur, governments use only a small portion of their money toward providing sanitation and clean water to their populations. It is true that sub Saharan African countries are developing countries therefore lack the sufficient funds to take on such a big issues. But, many organizations such as WHO, UNICEF and so on have taken upon themselves to help those countries. In the GLAAS (global analysis and assessment of sanitation and drinking-water) report of 2014, the UN concludes that most African countries do not use the funds they received to address hygiene, sanitation and water issues. Also, most of them lack monitoring system to access the efficacy of the programs put into place. Besides, not all African countries have recognized in their constitutions access to water, sanitation and hygiene as a human right. As of 2014, 29 countries had recognized access to water as a human right and 25 access to sanitation as a human right (GLAAS). Furthermore, the lack of access to water and sanitation leads to the increase in non-educated children especially female. In African culture it is the females who go fetch the water. They walk in average close to 4 miles per day to get water to their

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