The Prevalence Of Type 2 Diabetes

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“The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is significantly increased in the pediatric population which is affected by obesity worldwide” (Adamo, 2011). Diabetes is a disease that results in too much sugar in the blood or high blood glucose. Diabetes is qualified as either an inadequate production of insulin (type 2) or the complete lack of insulin being produced in the body (type 1). A diet high in calories, which causes people to become overweight/obese, raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes significantly. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (increased urine), polydipsia (increased thirst), or polyphagia (increased hunger), which are the three most common symptoms. Type 2 diabetes, in the past 10 years, …show more content…
Families have 5 basic survival needs including safety, simple pathophysiology, skills, school, and support. Safety pertains to the disease knowledge. The more patients and families understand their disease the better they will be equipped to manage it. Families should be taught the warning signs of hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia and the steps needed to correct the complication, glucose levels, and ways to manage the disease. Not only should parents be educated but also all other providers of the child should be as well to always be fully prepared. Simple pathophysiology is also very important in education on diabetes. Having a clear understanding of the disease, what caused it, and the best techniques to manage it will be very beneficial for families of a type 2 diabetic …show more content…
This disease is not a one-time hospital visit to treat but a long-term diagnosis. Although some type 2 diabetics can only rely on medications to control their disease, exercise, and a proper diet is known to manage the disorder. Before medication is used typically lifestyle changes are encouraged. Nurses should educate patients and families on proper exercise for needed weight loss. Exercise also reduces blood glucose levels due to the absorption of glucose while engaging in physical activity. Insulin sensitivity occurs during physical activity, which in some cases, may be the difference between needing medications and not. Physical activity, though extremely important in the management of type 2 diabetes also should be done while adhering to a proper diet. "Adhering to a balanced diet with fewer high glycemic foods, fats, and carbohydrates reduces the amount of excess glucose in the blood, which reduced the amount of insulin needed.” (“Treating Type 2 Diabetes”, n.d.). Although diet and exercise may not be beneficial for all patients’ families are encouraged to adhere to strive to better manage the disease in a non-pharmaceutical way. If diet and exercise prove to be unhelpful in managing the disease doctors will begin to treat the disease with

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