The Importance Of Technology In Psychological Research

1579 Words 6 Pages
We are going to be discussing the claim that technology has played a decisive role in the development of psychological research. We will be looking at, the different ways in which advances in technology have influenced the ways in which we conduct psychological research and also consider alternative viewpoints regarding the role of technology in psychology. First, we will be looking at Stanley Milgram (banyard, 2012, p.69) and his work on the obedience studies and the replication studies that followed. Second, we will be looking at research on friendship by Bigelow and La Gaipa (1975) and the role technology has influenced the way people engage with their friends. Third, we will be looking at research on the structure and functions of the brain, …show more content…
Stanley Milgram was one of the most productive social psychologists of his generation and is largely remembered for one of his pieces of work called the obedience studies. The study involved using a generator. The generator consisted of a row of switches that started at 15 volts and ended at 450 volts (Banyard, 2012, p. 69). No person was hurt during the procedure, although issues surrounding the ethics of the study need to be considered. Ethics in psychological research refers to the principles, such as right and wrong conduct that researchers should act in accordance with and governs what psychologists can and cannot do (Banyard, 2012, p. 77). Among those who were critical of Milgram 's study was psychologist Diana Baumrind, who challenged whether Milgram had protected the welfare of the participants and also had concerns on the principle of cost-benefit, she challenged the view that the scientific worth of the study was worth the distress caused to the participants and worried about the effect of his work on the public image of psychology. Another problem with Milgram 's experiment was the participants right to withdraw, as whenever a participant had shown a reluctance to continue with the experiment, they were told that, they 'have no choice; you …show more content…
Comparably the development of internet technologies means that individuals can communicate online in various ways such as email, forums and webcam video, this means that it has become easier to maintain and even develop relationships online over long distances. The emergence of social networking websites has created new ways of developing and maintaining friendships online, this use of technologies may lead to the questioning of our understanding of friendship and the potentially damaging effects of excessive use of social networking sites (Brownlow, 2012, p. 266). Something else to consider is the cultural differences in understanding, friendship and how online friendships show this as most of the communication online is still conducted in English, as is the research in this area, if such research was limited to online methods, these populations would be excluded (Brownlow, 2012, p. 267). However, Bigelow and La Gaipa (1975) could not have known that sometime in the future children would be as likely to interact with online friends as friends in the playground, this is an example of the way new technologies and the changing way of how people interact, brings about new challenges for psychologists to address. We will now look at research on the structure and

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