The Importance Of Team Cohesion

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Team cohesion, defined by Carron (1982), is a dynamic process reflected in groups for their tendency to remain united in order to pursuit their goals or objectives. Compared to teams that are not cohesive, cohesive teams are often notable for their well-defined responsibilities and group norms, mutual goals, respect and trust, positive team identity, good communication and many more. The fundamental aspects to success in sports is the ability to build group identity, ability to provide a comfortable environment and having players that are willing to work with and for each other. Cohesion is mainly divided into two types of cohesion: Task cohesion and Social cohesion. Task cohesion is when players in a team stay cohesive and work together in …show more content…
Originally Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy was developed for the treatment of anxiety, however, it has expanded and been applied to other domains such as sport and motor performance. Self-efficacy can be defined as what one thinks what they can achieve with their skills and not one’s judgment about their skills. One approach suggested to boost one’s sense of efficacy and performance in sport is self-modeling. Self-modeling works as individuals repetitively perceive the best parts of his or her own performance in the past and is used as a model for future performance. A study done by Singleton and Feltz, using a 5-item, skill specific self-efficacy scale showed that university hockey players who were shown several weeks of self-modeling videotapes displayed greater shooting accuracy and higher self-efficacy future performance compared to the controls. Furthermore, a study by Gould on American Olympic teams also established that self-efficacy as well as team-efficacy played a major role influencing their …show more content…
Participant’s age ranged from 23-44 years old and represented 11 individual sports and 3 team sports. Using a semi-structured interview guide, interviews ranged from 30 to 105 minutes and each of the athletes were asked a series of questions concentrating the athlete’s Olympic experience, positive and negative factors and advice or suggestions. The results indicated that there are several factors, which positively and negatively affected the performance of majority of the athletes. Of these factors, the athletes mentioned that team unity positively affected their performance whereas team issues negatively affected it. One athlete stated that the fact that the team got along well and worked really well together as a team was what positively influenced their performance. Additionally, one gold medalist repeatedly referred to trust and cohesion of her team and mentioned that those were one of the factors that positively had an impact on their performance. In contrast, other athletes specified several factors relating to team issues, such as poor interaction with teammates as well as negative atmosphere, which negatively impacted performance. Other than these factors, there were also other psychological factors as well as

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