The Importance Of State Capacity In Latin America And The Caribbean Region

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State capacity generally be defined as a state 's ability to provide political (public) goods such as security, political process participation, infrastructure, education, public health, and sound economic management to persons living within designated borders. State capacity in Latin America and the Caribbean region has collectively increased as a result the region overcoming a long history of civil war, corrupt authoritarian rule, and economic stagnation. The region is mostly characterized by developing countries that have benefited from democratization and economic liberalization. However, the region still remains vulnerable to historical dire and stubborn internal threats such as corruption, organized crime, and poverty. These internal …show more content…
With few exceptions, many of the countries in Latin American and the Caribbean region now have stable democracies. However, at various levels, the region 's countries continue to address indicators of weak governance which include partial electoral institutions, weak legal institutions, corruption, and the exclusion of indigenous populations. For example, both Mexico and Brazil, despite their robust democracies backed by the region 's strongest economies and the largest populations, have failed to fully integrate their poor and indigenous populations into the democratic process and both states struggle with the entrenched government corruption at local levels. However, these countries are large and developing democracies with the growing capacity to effect democratic institutional change at all levels of government and is a sign of increased strength capacity. No country in the region has benefited more from this increased capacity than Brazil. Its rapid economic rise facilitated by democratization led to Brazil 's pursuit of a more aggressive foreign policy which included addressing Iran 's nuclear program, deeper cooperation with Africa, and a desire to exert influence in the region , ostensibly to balance the United States ' (US) hemispheric …show more content…
Economics performed by a strong state consists of a state 's capacity to stimulate economic growth and extract and administer enough resources to provide basic goods. Brazil and Mexico have benefitted the most from economic globalization and integration through international trade of markets in goods and services. Brazil has the seventh largest economy in the world and Mexico is now the second largest trading partner of the US, ahead of China. Chinese investment in the region contributed greatly to the expansion of Latin American and the Caribbean country economies which in turn has fostered multilateral economic partnerships internal to the region and with external partners. The 40 countries Mexico has free trade agreements with is representative of how strengthened capacity has influenced its ' international security. As the economic capacity of states in the region have expanded, poverty levels have dropped and the middle class has grown. Economic growth has expanded the capacity of states to deal with security concerns. Columbia for example now has the capacity to shift its focus from interdicting drugs to reducing demand. Because of Mexico 's strengthened capacity to provide key public goods to its citizens, there is essentially net zero migration to the

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