The Importance Of Sleep Deprivation

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Today in America, “40% of adults and 70% of adolescences are sleep deprived” (Collins, 2014). Sleep is extremely important to each individual’s life. In fact, 2/3 of our lives are spent awake, and the remaining 1/3 of our lives is spent sleeping. Sleep can be defined, as the “period of unconsciousness during which the brain remains highly active. It is a complex biological process that helps people process new information, stay healthy, and rejuvenate (Sleep: Condition Information, 2013). As seen in the documentary, sleep deprivation is extremely significant, and has led to countless preventable accidents. However, accidents, due to sleep deprivation, will still occur unless people become more educated about the importance of sleep. Sleep deprivation …show more content…
Sleep protects the brain to preform at its peak levels. Once a human receives less than 7.5 hours, the body begins to function inadequately. For example, many doctors and nurses work 24-hour shifts consecutively. During those 24-hours, there is a 400% increase of diagnostic mistakes and 73% percent more accidental needle scalpel stabs occurring (Collins, 2014). Consequently, “Cutting back on sleep by as little as 1 hour can make it difficult to focus the next day and can slow your response time” (Sleep: Condition Information, 2013). Furthermore, the documentary discusses the link found between obesity and sleep deprivation. The increased risk of obesity will also affect other parts of the body such as increased blood pressure, decreased immune system functioning, and risk of cardiovascular related illnesses. “Lack of sleep lowers your levels of a hormone called Leptin, which tells your brain that you’ve had enough to eat. In addition, it raises levels of a biochemical called ghrelin, which is an appetite stimulant” (Pietrangelo, 2014). These hormone fluctuations counteract one another to result in increased eating at night. In conjunction with physical penalties of sleep deprivation, come emotional consequences as …show more content…
Mental disorders in regard to sleep deprivation include depression, anxiety disorders, increased probability of Alzheimer’s, and insomnia. Additionally, posttraumatic stress and attention deficit disorder could be caused by sleep problems. An American research study of patients suffering from sleep apnea found that the condition doubled the chances of suffering from depression. “In the great majority of people who have psychological problems a common finding is disturbed sleep, because in order to have a good night’s sleep you need an untroubled mind” (Macdonald-Smith, 2009). Additionally, a study from the University of Bonn and King 's College London discovered that twenty-four hours of sleep deprivation could lead to conditions in healthy persons similar to the symptoms of schizophrenia (Universität Bonn). However, a lack of sleep will not cause these disorders, but instead strengthen or cause us to become more aware of

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