The Importance Of Prescribing Antibiotics

1204 Words 5 Pages
Register to read the introduction… His or her prescription is changed a multiple number of times in pursuit of abolishing the minor influenza, which leads to allergic reactions and a much more serious complication. Two weeks later, he or she is admitted to the hospital presenting symptoms of enterocolitis and is diagnosed with Clostridium difficile pseudomembranous colitis. This severe enterocolitis is caused by Clostridium difficile, a bacterium that is often found in the intestine, but rarely causes disease because it is kept in check by other intestinal organisms. Excess antibiotic use causes these organisms to die, which in return can lead to the Clostridium difficile running rampantly throughout the body. Due to these complications, the patient dies. Antibiotic misuse and overuse may cause frightful complications, such as these. Because people are lulled into a false sense of security by how seemingly commonplace antibiotics are, a lack of public knowledge is making them dangerous; misusing antibiotics in any way can have dire …show more content…
Becoming antibiotic resistant is one of the most frightening and worrisome results of this evolution. MDR (multi-drug resistant) strains, or strains of microbes that are resistant to antibiotics and other antimicrobial classes, are a new threat to the population (CDC - About Antimicrobial Resistance). Because they are unable to be treated by antibiotics, the only treatments are secondary or tertiary medications that have a low efficiency rate, a higher toxicity, and a higher expense. In some drastic cases, such as XDR TB (extensively drug resistant tuberculosis), a bacterium can become resistant to first-line medication as well as secondary medication, leaving only last resort treatment options (CDC | TB). Strains that are cause for alarm include MDR Escherichia coli (urinary tract infections, bacteremia, etc.), antibiotic resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (meningitis, pneumonia, etc.), MDR Salmonella typhi (typhoid fever), and, perhaps most alarming of all, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. More commonly known as MRSA, this staph bacteria is particularly dangerous because it can cause necrotizing fasciitis, flesh-eating disease. Once treatable and isolated, MRSA is adapting to survive countless antibiotics, and is being contracted in the general community. All of these resistant strains are a result of unwarranted overuse and misuse. When

Related Documents