Premature delivery is defined as an infant born before 37 weeks’ gestation. Infants born between 26 and 37 weeks have a high survival rate, although many may face health issues due to being born early. Delivering a baby early is not ideal, though it may be necessary to prevent irreparable harm to the child or mother.
According to the Institute of Medicine (US) Committee “chronic hypertension, systemic lupus erythematosus, restrictive lung disease, hyperthyroidism, pregestational diabetes mellitus, maternal cardiac disease, asthma, gestational diabetes mellitus, pregestational renal disorders and preeclampsia are all examples of maternal medical problems that may lead to Indicated Preterm Birth.”
Preeclampsia is a major cause of death in infants and mothers. There is no way to pin point the cause of preeclampsia however, doctors have identified risk factors. …show more content…
All of these complications put both the mother and baby at risk. If the umbilical cord becomes compresses that infant is not getting enough oxygen and go into fetal distress. The cord could also become wrapped around the fetal neck also cutting of oxygen. In both these cases an emergency C-section needs to be performed to save the life of the of the baby. These can be detected through fetal monitoring; the baby’s heart rate drops on the monitor indicating inefficient blood flow to the