The Importance Of Occupations

1672 Words 7 Pages
Occupations are intrinsic to human health and well-being. There are many factors that play a role in how, where, and why people engage in occupations. The occupations people engage in often emerge from environmental opportunities, cultures, and are ultimately shaped by the context in which they occur (Thompson & Kent, 2014). Environments can shape occupational participation and help provide appropriate services for clients to promote occupational performance. There is a direct correlation between a person and the environment (Beagan, 2015). The way a person’s life intertwines with the dimensions of culture and environment can be positive or negative, due to barriers or opportunities they are afforded. Occupational therapists work with people …show more content…
Context is defined as the situational factors that influence what people do or how they behave (Christiansen & Townsend, 2010). Human occupations are directly affected by the context in which they occur (Thompson & Kent, 2014). Environment refers to the particular physical, social, cultural, and built features within a person’s life that can affect their motivation or performance (Rigby, Trentham & Letts, 2013). The environment can either directly or indirectly, facilitate or hinder occupational choice and performance. Culture is difficult to specifically delineate, as it encompasses many factors and is based on a person’s individual behaviors that are constantly changing based on new experiences, which can transpire in a group or on an individual level (Farias & Asaba, 2013). Culture embraces shared ideas, beliefs, meanings, values, knowledge, and customs that can arise over a period of time (Beagan, 2015). Culture therefore ultimately shapes human behavior and the environment (Chavis, …show more content…
Although it is impossible to describe every relevant or important cultural fact about an individual person within a group due to incorrect generalizations, the key is to center therapy around the client and remain open to what the client wants and needs. Culturally competent therapists recognize and appreciate differences in beliefs and behaviors, respect variations that occur within different cultural groups and adjust their therapy to provide effective interventions for people in different cultures (Beagan, 2015). Although this may feel uncomfortable for therapists, effective therapeutic interventions address cultural factors as a way to enhance quality of life and optimal performance (Bonder, Martin & Miracle, 2004). Gaining a sense of cultural competence is a continuous learning and growing process (Beagan, 2015). Therapists need to recognize their own culture’s attitudes and biases, as well as have respect and understanding for a culture different from their

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