Essay about The Importance Of Morality And Its Effects On Human Culture

1497 Words Dec 4th, 2016 6 Pages
1. Partridge means that humans have moral responsibilities towards people that they do not know individually and who may not even exist at the present. He uses a metaphor about a campsite to explain his argument: when they have finished camping at a campsite, a person has a moral obligation to clean it for the next person who will use it. While they do not know this person, they still have good reason to believe that someone will eventually come to use the campsite in the future and that by not cleaning the campsite they are wrongfully causing harm to this future person. He is effectively arguing that a person being “nonexistent is, morally speaking, nonrelevant” (59). In essence, morality is not solely based around a group of living people in contact with one another; people can and should be morally considered even if they do not exist yet.
2. Rolston means that human creations are not as natural as the creations of other animals because human culture is radically different from the natural habits and practices of animals. Humans collectively develop much faster than any other species, through a combination of written records, complex communication, and oral tradition in addition to their natural evolution through natural selection. While in contrast “Animals are what they are genetically, instinctively, environmentally, without any options at all”, they lack most of the means of development that humans possess and as a result of this major developmental disadvantage,…

Related Documents