The Importance Of Marine Battles In The Civil War

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With the great schism between the industrialized North and the agriculture dominant South over the issue of states’ rights staring with the election of president Lincoln, war was declared between two halves of a country. Although the land battles are more renown, maritime shipping and Naval strength soon showed their importance to the war effort. Naval battles and military marine interactions took place in all of the maritime domains, from the brown water of the Mississippi river to the blue water of the Pacific Ocean. The naval strategies used by both the north and the south varied depending on which maritime domain the battles would take place in. In the brown water domain of the Mississippi river the Union and Confederate navies engage in …show more content…
Montgomery of the Confederate Navy and A.H. Hoote of the Union Navy they describe the Battle at Plum Point Bend in which a squadron of 8 confederate Ironclads (rams) and a group of Union Naval ships. J.E. Montgomery writes to his commanding officer “I am happy to inform you, while exposed to close quarters to a most terrific fire for thirty minutes, our boats, although struck repeatedly, sustained no serious injuries” (Montgomery 384). This statement confirms that the confederates made out better in the Battle at Plum Point Bend because two of the Union ships where sunk when the confederates lost no ships. In both letters the commanding officers of both sides write as if they have won the battle but in fact the confederates won. Battle at Plum Point Bend really exemplifies that the Civil war’s naval encounters are usually evenly …show more content…
Using the guerre de course strategy the Confederate Navy was able to devastate the Union merchant fleet in both the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. As stated in the CSS Shenandoah logbook the confederate ship sunk well over 25 ships in the span of three months (Smith 390). Due to the fact that there were very few Union Naval vessels assigned to protecting the Merchant fleet in the pacific the confederate ships had easy pickings of Union whaling ships and trading vessels. The unchallenged ability of the Confederate ships to annihilate Union trade really shows that they beat the Union in the blue water domain in the majority of the Civil war. Although the south is remembered in the Civil war for Robert E. Lee and famous land battles they were actually quite successful at

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