The Importance Of Language In Communication

1538 Words 6 Pages
1. Introduction
Language serves more purposes than just to communicate ideas from person to person. Language can be both seen and heard. Language can be written or spoken. Speech is described by Crystal (2005, p. 1) to be phonic. Writing is graphic. Crystal (2005, p. 1) speaks of the elements of language as having a physical bond. One cannot begin to write if they are not first familiar with oral language (Gee & Hayes, 2011, p. 57). Likewise, one cannot understand language if one cannot comprehend the meaning of why certain utterances are verbalised or the reasons for writing. Language is diverse. To comprehend language one must understand the context of the communication (Gee & Hayes, 2011, p. 121). The context for language consists of a register,
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Crystal (1987, p. 1) considers this a common misconception. Language serves a range of functions. One such use for language is emotional expression. Expressing oneself through language such as emotive utterances and phrases can have a calming effect (Crystal, 1987, p. 1). Language is a social interaction. It helps to maintain rapport with others, or can be used in opposition to estrange oneself. One might perhaps wish to maintain a professional manner amongst clients and should then remain formal in discourse and refrain from the use of phatic communications. Sounds have effects on listeners (Crystal, 1987, p. 2). Children for example play rhyming games and make noises simply for the pleasure the sounds and syllables give. Pop songs are often repetitive as this is considered phonetically pleasing to a mass audience. Language is also an instrument of thought. Vygotsky spawned the notion of ‘inner speech’, which is thinking aloud to evoke thought (Crystal, 1987, p. 4). Language is used to record facts. Fact recording is written and often formal as the reader is usually anonymous to the author. Throughout history literature has been used to record the facts from historical events, scientific discoveries, reporting and more. If one was to record facts, it would typically be done in the standard academic language for that culture and field. People attach themselves to certain social groups. These social …show more content…
Fellows and Oakley (2014, p. 47) suggest that there are six main perspectives on language learning. One theory is the Behaviourist developmental perspective. Behaviourist theorists believe that learning is more dependent on nurture. B. F. Skinner believed that people operate on the environment to produce different outcomes (Margetts & Woolfolk, 2013 p. 223). Another theory is that of the Nativists who believe that language is acquired naturally through biological maturation (Gee & Hayes, 2011, p. 47). Chomsky believed that each child will learn language naturally in due course. The developmental stages defined by Fellows and Oakley (2014, pp 56- 60) show the natural progression that Nativists believe a child follows in adopting language. However, Fellows and Oakley (2014, pp 56-60) point out the influence nature has from parental influences and environmental interference. An example of this is an infant in the pre-linguistic stage showing evidence of quietening to pay attention to particular noises. Piaget stemmed the cognitive developmental perspective on language procurement. Piaget believed that a child cannot develop language skills until they have first advanced to certain cognitive stages (Fellows & Oakley, 2014, p. 50). The cognitive developmental perspective on language would explain why a child cannot learn how to write if they have not first grasped

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